This pub was on the bend of the Kettering Road, a few doors away from the end of Grove Road. It is at present the Kettering Road Off-Licence & General Store. As a pub sign it appears to be a corruption of the Horse's Head. In more modern times it has been the subject of humorous interpretation. Dates go from 1845 to 1933.
Only one entry, Burgess 1845 under Innkeepers: - Fox-Navigation Inn-Bridge street. Fox does not appear again and I have no number, it is possible that it changed its sign along with the landlord. I would think it was either close to the navigation i.e. the river/canal, or on one of the corners of Navigation Row, the Horse & Jockey was on the north corner 1858-1864.
There are four references to this place in the directories between 1845 and 1852. The proprietor was one, John Burrows who was not only a Beer-Retailer, but according to Kelly 1847 was also a Saddler and Harness Maker and ran an eating-house. I have no number so I cannot locate it, but the Saddler's Arms first appears in the directories in 1864.
This was on the east side of the road, between Brunswick Place and Market Street, opposite John Clare School. It first appears in 1845 and ends in 1958. As a lad I went to Kett's Kollege for Kool Kats (John Clare S.M.) in the late 1950s and must confess to having no recollections of this pub whatsoever.
Refer to the entry for: The East End Tavern
Refer to the entry for: The Criterion
This pub, much changed, is still with us. It is at present the R.A.O.B. Club and the exterior has been completely smothered in rendering, making the building strikingly ugly, the product of a committee decision? This now hideous building is at the southwest corner of the junction between South Street and Lower Thrift Street. The photo was taken in 1998.
The name refers to the New Town built out here in the fields (at the time) by Thomas Grundy between 1836 and 1850. The pub is just outside the New Town, which was limited to the north by the Wellingborough Road, West Street to the west, East Street to the east, and - yes you’ve guessed it, South Street to the south. Its first appearance in a directory was in 1884 and the last in 1951.
At first glance one might think this pub is also connected with Grundy's New Town (see previous entry), however it is a considerable distance from it. The building is now the premises of Benn Security. Directory dates run from 1864 to 1956.
This was on the northwest corner of the junction of Oak and Deal Streets and its earliest appearance in the directories was in 1864. When the pub was demolished in the 1960s S. G. Owen, electroplaters and neighbour acquired the ceramic sign and installed it in the reception area of their new premises at Ryehill Close, Lodge Farm. They have since left there, but I have been able to visit the empty factory and photograph this rather unusual sign. Thanks are due to Steven Smith of Blacklee & Smith and Scorpion Security.
Also: The Earl of Northampton Arms
This pub must have stood close to the original site of the Criterion on the east side of Silver Street. The old Criterion was demolished in 1930. This pub survived a little longer, being Compensated for in 1934. There was a drive about this time to reduce the number of drinking houses in the town and several were closed down and compensation paid. Another way was for the authorities to request the surrender of two or three small, unprofitable licences for the grant of a new one on one of the new estates.
Also: The Old Castle
The 2500 O/S Plan 1901 shows a series of small houses on the north sides of both Phoenix Street and Castle Hill. As the one on the corner of these two streets is larger and both streets feature in addresses it is likely that this is the pub and not where I put it in the In Living Memory book. The site of this pub is now part of the Golden Lion.
This establishment derived its name either from being close to the site of the actual Castle, or because in the past people have quite wrongly believed Castle Hill to be the site of the castle keep. The mound is far too small to accommodate a medieval castle of any size let alone one of the biggest castles ever built. Where is the Castle now? - Quarried away in the 19th century to make space for a railway station.
Refer to the entry for: The Moat House
This one was built in 1969 to serve the passing traffic and the adjacent estate. At the time of its construction the town was in the grip of Watneys Brewery and in 1972 there were only six pubs in the town not owned by Watney Mann. They were; the Bear (called the Tavern in the Town at the time)- M&B; the Saddlers Arms - Davenports; the Headlands - Charles Wells; Shipmans - a free house; Garibaldi - Bass and this pub - run by Ansells. In 1977 it became the first Ansells pub to serve real ale and in 1986 it had a £200,000 refit and boasted a library. Another £200,000 was spent on a revamp in 1993 when a conservatory was added. When I photographed it in August 1998 it was closed for another change and the sign outside declared, Another Big Steak Pub Development. Re-Opening LATE SEPT.
Correctly called the London & North-Western Hotel, but it was always called just The North-Western. This railway hotel was on the north side of Marefare right by the junction with Horsemarket. It was demolished in 1970 to clear the area for the building of Barclaycard House. In the 1960s there was a pub opposite called the The Shakespeare that my friends and I used. The few forays we made over the road to this pub left an impression of soldiers, teddy-boys (getting a bit dated by then) loose ladies and a rough atmosphere - we tended to avoid the place - so my recollections are few. Evidence of the directories indicates this hotel started life around 1903.
This pub was about halfway along on the south side of the street, five doors west of the Knightly Arms. I have no idea why it was called this. The directory dates run from 1845 to 1906, but the licence was surrendered in 1905.
This establishment stood on the northwest corner of Herbert and St. Andrew's Streets. St. Andrew’s Street was once called Sawpit Lane because of the sawpits and wood yards in the area. The oak is a symbol of strength, constancy and long life. It is also, like the Royal Oak an emblem of Charles II and it is also our national tree. Entries run from 1858 until 1936.
Also possibly: The Boat and Horse
The premises stood on the north corner of the junction between Freeschool Street and St. Peter's Street. The first entry under this name is William Negus in 1864; he is to be found as a Beer-Retailer at this address in both 1858 and 1862. The last entry for James Jeffery, proprietor of the Boat & Horse is 1852 so it is possible that they are the same pub. However, there is an advertisement in the Northampton Herald 1862 for the sale of the Odd Fellows' Arms, in the occupation of William Negus at an annual rent of £21, First rate beer trade carried on for 20 years. Does this mean that the pub has had that name all that time? It seems to have been there since about 1844 - a year before the first entry of the Boat & Horse.
The appelation probably refers to the Friendly Society of that name. These Friendly Societies often operated out of pubs and the landlords were often the treasurer as they were in those days considered to be pillars of society.
Mount Street used to be that part of Lady's Lane that ran from the top of Wood Street to the Mounts. The pub seems to have been on the north side and to have been fairly short-lived, entries from 1845 to 1858.
There is a strong connection between brewing and baking. This building stands on the southeast corner of the junction of Bradshaw Street and College Street. Although it is much altered this is probably the original structure and almost certainly once was a bakehouse. In directories of 1906 and 1907 (its last entry) it was called Ye Olde Bakeshop no doubt in an attempt to attract the nostalgic drinker. I am surprised that they didn't spell bakeshop Bakeshoppe! From 1845 it was described as a beer-shop, not acquiring its name until 1893.
Refer to the entry for: The Northampton Castle
Also: The Phoenix
There is an entry, under Beer-Retailers in the Northampton Directory 1878., Kilby Geo. St. John's Ter Cow Lane and this could be the pub. The first entry with a name is Wright 1884, who has two, Frank O. Adams bhs and Frank Oliver Adams, baker, shopkeeper and bhs, Old Grey Horse. Two addresses imply a junction and this one was a tee, according to the Brewery Plans the Phoenix Tavern occupied the southern corner. Arthur William Adams had the Old Grey Horse in 1905 and the Phoenix in 1906, indicating that these are the same pub.
When the Shoulder of Mutton burnt down and was rebuilt it was called the Phoenix and I wonder if this is the reason for this name change? If the bakery and beer-shop shared the same premises it is possible that the bakery caught fire and was rebuilt with this name. Its last entry was in 1941.
This name is derived from an old, popular Victorian ballad. To my mind it sums up what the old fashioned local was all about.
According to the directories this pub goes back to 1864 and could have originally been the The Crown & Cushion - or its close neighbour (see entry for explanation). The plot on which it stands is empty on Laws Map 1847, but occupied on Birdsall 1878. It is a purpose built establishment and was probably built to serve the thirsty inhabitants of Grundy's New Town. It is still with us.
Refer to the entry for: The Bell
Also: The Lamplighter
A purpose built street corner pub named after the thoroughfare on which it stands although it changed its name to the Lamplighter in 1988 and installed real gas lighting. The earliest entry is 1884 about when it was built - it is still with us.